Freud:  Paris and Beyond


– by Jack Schwartz, PsyD, psychoanalytic private practice; NJ Institute for Training in Psychoanalysis


Friday, June 1st, 2018 @10:50 am - 11:40 am    Room 912




The discussion will focus on the often neglected, but critical  phase of Freud's career, which changed his course of thinking, from neurology to psychology. The critical phase was the time he spent in Paris in the fall /winter of 1885 into 1886. It was in Paris Freud, a struggling neurological researcher under Ernst Brucke, hardly a dime to his name, was awarded a grant to study abroad in Paris with the world renown neurologist Jean Martin Charcot at the equally renown Salpêtrière Hospital. It was through Charcot's influence that Freud began formulating the notion of unconscious psychological processes as the driver behind hysterical symptoms and neurosis. It was through this that set the stage for what was to later become psychoanalysis.

On a more personal level, it was through his mentorship under Charcot, Freud learned the power of repeated observation, and to assert his views.  In Paris, Freud not only acquired a sense of purpose, he also changed from a timid, uncertain researcher to a determined innovative clinical practitioner upon his return to Vienna. From Paris, Freud established his clinical identity, and also (neglected in history books), he worked regularly at a children's hospital, and published a well regarded monograph on infantile paralysis.  


Learning Points:

At the end of this educational activity, its participants will be able to:

1) discuss and analyze the true origins of psychoanalysis, and the development of clinical psychology as a field;

2) discuss and analyze the role one's ability to dissociate/ associate, and create new concepts.



Appignanesi, L. (1993). Freud's women: Family, patients, followers. NY, NY: Basic books.

Breger, L. (2000). Freud: Darkness in the midst of vision--An analytical biography. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley Publishing.

Clark, R. W. (1980). Freud, the man and the cause. NY, NY: Random House.

Crews, F. (2017). Freud: The making of an illusion. NY, NY: Metropolitan Books.

Freud, S. (1992). The diary of Sigmund Freud, 1929-1939: A record of the final decade. NY, NY: Scribner/ Simon & Schuster.

Gay, P. (2006/1988). Freud: A life for our time. New York, NY: Norton & Company Publishers.

Jones, E. (1975). Life and work of Sigmund Freud. NY, NY: Basic Books.

Kanzer, M., & Glenn, J. (1977). Freud and his self-analysis (Downstate Psychoanalytic Institute Twenty-Fifth Anniversary Series). NY, NY: Jason Aronson, Inc.

Newton, P.M. (1994). Freud: From youthful dream to mid-life crisis. NY, NY: The Guilford Press.

Moussaieff, F. (Ed.) (Translator) (1985). The complete letters of Sigmund Freud to Wilhelm Fliess, 1887-1904. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press/ Harvard University Press.

Phillips, A. (2016). Becoming Freud: The making of a psychoanalyst (Jewish Lives). Yale University Press.

Roudinesco, E., & Porter, C. (2016). Freud: In his time and ours. Boston, MA: Harvard University Press.

Sulloway, F. (1992). Freud, biologist of the mind: Beyond the psychoanalytic legend. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Schwartz, J. (2014). The Irma dream, the origin of psychoanalysis and a bloody nose. MindConsilliums, 14(9), 1-49.


Bio of the Presenter:

Jack Schwartz, LCSW, PsyD, NCPsyA (psyjack@msn.com) graduated from the New Jersey Institute for Training in Psychoanalysis, where he is a faculty member, lecturer and control analyst. He is a NAAP Nationally Certified Psychoanalyst, Licensed Clinical Social Worker and Certified Clinical Mental Health Counselor. He holds degrees from Fairleigh Dickinson University Yeshiva University (where he received the Distinguished Graduate Student Award) and International University. He served as the Senior Forensic Psychologist in Passaic County New Jersey for over 15 years, specializing in criminal investigations, probation, child custody issues, and has regularly served the court as an expert witness.  Dr. Schwartz maintains a full private practice in Northern New Jersey, working with children, adolescents, couples and adults. He frequently lectures on dream analysis, PTSD, resilience and other matters related to the practice of psychoanalytic psychotherapy.  He is a regular contributor to the New Jersey Institute Viewpoints newsletter, and is the editor for the NJ Clinical Social Worker highly regarded newsletter, the Forum.  Dr. Schwartz has written both short fiction, and technical articles on Dream Analysis and Holocaust Survivors, and has published a psychoanalytic novel, Our Time is Up, available on Amazon, soon to be an e-book.


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