Panel:  Slavery, Social Policies, and Transgenerational Transmission of Pain


Thursday, May 31st, 2018, @ 1:40 pm - 3:25 pm




*The Price We Pay for Allowing the Explicitly Racist Government Policies of Segregation – by Gilda Graff, MA, LP, Vice President of the IPA


 “We have greater political and social conflict because we must add unfamiliarity with fellow citizens of different racial backgrounds to the challenges we confront in resolving legitimate disagreements about public issues” (Rothstein, 2017, p. 195). Housing discrimination has been unlawful in the United States since the passage of the 13th (abolishment of slavery; 1865) and 14th (granting US citizenship to all persons born in US, including ex-slaves; 1868) Amendments and the Civil Rights Act of 1966 (Rothstein, 2017, p. VIII). However, because of an 1883 Supreme Court decision which was not overturned until 1968, consistent government policy enforced residential racial segregation, although it was unlawful for those 102 years. The author proposes to explore the policies that enforced segregation and the price we have paid for those policies.

*The African American Mother:  Intergenerational Transmission of Pain – by Chavone Crespo, MC, LMHC, private practice


There are many things we can discuss about the African American family. Since slavery Black men and women in America have not had the privilege to enjoy family life in the way that white men and women do. Black women are not always afforded the opportunity to choose to stay at home and raise their children and if they are they are held to a different standard than their white counterparts. The author will offer a look, from the historical perspective, at how slavery and subsequent social and political policies and attitudes impact the relationship between African American mothers and their daughters; and how Black mothering behavior affected the mother-daughter bonds.

Learning Points:

1) discuss the role that the governments (local, state, and federal) can play and have played in establishing racial segregation;

2) apply their new understanding of the many effects of segregation when working with black and with white patients;

3) analyze and compare parenting/ mothering behaviors in black and white mothers, and how slavery and segregation affected the mother-daughter bonds.



Adams, K.A. (2018). Lynching, sacrifice, and childrearing in the new south. Journal of Psychohistory, 43(2), 244-266.

Campbell, D.B. (2011). Oppression of the different: Impact and treatment. International Journal of Applied Psychoanalytic Studies, 8 (1), 35.

Cobb, J. (2017). Comment: A history of paranoia. The New Yorker, The Talk of the Town. 12/4/17.  

Coates, T.N. (2014). The case for reparations. The Atlantic, June 2014.

Katznelson I. (2017). Who really got handouts. The New York Times Op-ed, 8/13/17.

La MaMothe, R. (2012). Potential space: creativity, resistance, and resiliency, in the face of racism. The Psychoanalytic Review, 99 (6), 851-876.  

Loewen, J.W. (2005). Sundown towns: A hidden dimension of American racism. New York: Simon & Shuster.

Massey, D.S. & Denton, N.A. (1993). American apartheid: Segregation and the making of the  underclass. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press.

Oshinsky, D. (June 25, 2017). Don’t you be my neighbor: A history of residential segregation in America focuses on the government’s role. New York Times Book Review.

Rothstein, R. (2017). The color of law: A forgotten history of how our government segregated America. New York: W.W. Norton and Company.


Bios of the Presenters:

Gilda Graff, MA, LP is the Vice President of the International Psychohistorical Association, has a private psychoanalytic practice in New York City and Nassau County, is a graduate of the Washington Square Institute and the Object Relations Institute in New York City, and was a supervisor and staff therapist at the Washington Square Institute.  She has had seven articles published in the Journal of Psychohistory about the enslavement of African Americans and the aftereffects of that enslavement. “The Name of the Game is Shame Part ll: From Slavery to Obama and Now Trump” was published in the same journal.  “Shame in Supervision”  appeared in Issues in Psychoanalytic Psychology.


Chavone Crespo, MC, LMHC, is a Counselor practicing in New York City.  Her treatment approaches include Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Dialectical Behavior Therapy, and Mindfulness Based therapy.  


          http://www.ctd.northwestern.edu/  Visit ORI's YouTube Channel, ObjectRelations2009, to view the mini-video series "The Object Relations View"

  Join Us on FACEBOOK

  Support Our Cause on FACEBOOK: Support Mental Health Education!

To pay for the courses, please use PayPal.Me/ORINYC for PayPal payments for credit card payments:

Or, please send the checks or money orders to the address below.

Please note - Mail correspondence to: ORI Administrator, 75-15 187 Street, Fresh Meadows, NY, 11366-1725
Tel: 646.522.0387 and 646-522-1056   Fax: 718.785.3270  Email: admin@ORINYC.org and adminorinyc@gmail.com
Inquiries about psychotherapy and psychoanalysis training: DrKavalerAdler@gmail.com and /or dr.innarozentsvit@orinyc.org

Object Relations Institute for Psychotherapy and Psychoanalysis (Training Foundation) is a 501(c) (3) nonprofit educational organization. EIN # 133697333. Your donations are tax-deductible, while they help tremendously to keep down the costs of our training and to continue to offer free educational activities and events. To contribute, please use PayPal.Me/ORINYC for PayPal payments for credit card payments:

Support ORI Academic Press by using this link for purchases on Amazon: https://smile.amazon.com/ch/13-3697333

Disclaimer: This site and its services, including the contents of this site are for informational purposes only. It does not
provide medical or any other health care advice, diagnosis or treatment.   

Copyright © 2000 Object Relations Institute, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
Website created by MindMendMedia (last updated on 05/25/2018).