Course Instructor: EVA D. PAPIASVILI, PHD, ABPP
Date: APRIL 23RD (9AM – 2PM EDT/NYC) & MAY 7TH (9AM – 2PM EDT/NYC), 2022
Location: Virtual Live

Continuing Education Information: 12.0 CE See details here
Tuition: $250/course (can be paid in 2 installments). Scholarships, full and partial, are available – please fill out the scholarship form below.
Registration fee: $25/course (waived for ORI’s candidates in training)

To Register for this course, please complete the Registration form


Freud’s early observation that certain memories had greater traumatic power upon recollection than they had when they were originally registered, led to his formulation of one of his most complex and non-linear conceptualizations of Nachträglichkeit.

On both sides of the Atlantic, after a period of ‘concept latency’ until 1950’s, the Freudian Nachträglichkkeit underwent further elaboration, refinement and transformation of still growing complexity. It has become one of the basic concepts of a theory of thinking including temporality, causality, memory, trauma, representations, affects, sexuality and erotogenic sensuality.

The class will follow the outline of the most recent global exposition of the concept in the evolutionary perspective of the IPA’s Inter-Regional Encyclopedic Dictionary of Psychoanalysis:

After reviewing the development of the concept in Freud’s thought, according to primarily two models – the so called ‘Emma Model’ (1895) and later ‘Wolfman Model’ (1917), the class will explore the Nachträglichkeit in French psychoanalysis, British Object Relations theories, and various North American and Latin American perspectives. The relevant contemporary inter-disciplinary studies, including areas of neuroscience and art, will be also considered.


In Europe, French psychoanalysis was in the forefront of the concept’s revival. Lacan coined the term après-coup to emphasize that the operation of après-coup is never over; that it draws towards an after-effect. Contemporary French analytic authors further broaden the concept, as they refine and retain the spiral circular dynamic of emergence-disappearance-return. They pay a particular attention to the impact of the process of après-coup on the traumatic regressive economy of the drives, and to its goal concerning the elaboration of desire, thought, and the whole mental functioning.

In contrast to French psychoanalysis, where archaic elements and primal repression are constructed against regressive attraction, for contemporary British Object Relation theorists, following Klein and Bion the primitive anguish is already there. Within the context of contemporary British authors, it is the work of psychoanalysis to combat and transform such fragmentary and disorganizing feelings of terror.

Latin American analysts focus on both Nachträglichkeit as an operation of temporality, and as a means of constructing significance. The focus is on the laws of the primary process, causality, the logic of the unconscious, sexuality, repression, and repetition.

In North America, Nachträglichkeit is seen by many as the birth of the developmental model in psychoanalysis which, in a complex manner, includes the nonlinearity of unconscious contents and processes. Some view Nachträglichkeit as a pre-cursor of the concept of ‘developmental transformation’, which, within the interplay of various editions of trauma and unconscious fantasy throughout life, includes the bi-directionality of regression and progression, the dialectics of the underlying force seeking symbolization as well as repression and repetition.

In still other strands of North American thinking, psychoanalysis itself can be viewed broadly as the study of the Nachträglichkeit of early-life events, through multiple realities inherent in the psychoanalytic setting, which (re)construct symbolic bridges between the unassimilated traumatic events and their re-signification and transformation into representable experiences, process which can facilitate creation of qualitatively new subjectivities and expansion of meanings, spanning across generations.

Overall, in the contemporary North American exposition, the two temporal vectors of Nachträglichkeit of deferment and retroactive re-transcription/re-signification are seen as complementary and as corresponding to dialectics of both (multi) deterministic as well as hermeneutic reconstructive and constructive psychoanalytic process.

Among contemporary inter-disciplinary references, contemporary neuroscience emphasizes memory, in all its varied forms, as a living system that reconfigures itself through the medium of the psychoanalytic dialogue. In this reconfiguring operation, both neurobiology and psychoanalysis endorse the active dynamism and living character of memory. In this context relevant to Nachträglichkeit, psychopathology becomes a disturbance of reconfiguration of memory; and psychoanalysis fosters the construction and integration of new experiences and overturns the peremptory urge to repeat rigid and disturbed imprints that compromise the very structure of memory and integrity of the ego, and the dynamic fluidity of the overall psychic structure.


At the end of this course, its participants will be able to:

  • Discuss multiple definitions of the concept Nachträglichkeit.
  • Discuss how Nachträglichkeit relates to dynamic concepts of memory.
  • Discuss how Nachträglichkeit relates to psychic causality.
  • Discuss how Nachträglichkeit relates to temporality.
  • Discuss how Nachträglichkeit relates to sexuality.
  • Discuss how Nachträglichkeit relates to various dimensions of trauma.
  • Discuss how Nachträglichkeit relates to multiple aspects and theories of development.
  • Discuss the evolution of the concept in Freud’s thought, as it pertains to various stages of his theory development (1895, 1900, 1914, 1918, 1920, 1926, 1937).
  • Compare Nachträglichkeit in French Psychoanalysis to Nachträglichkeit in British Object Relations Theory.
  • Compare Nachträglichkeit in various strands of North American psychoanalytic theory (Contemporary Freudian, Object Relations, Intersubjective and Relational perspectives).
  • Compare various Latin American perspectives with those of North America and Europe.
  • Analyze the relationship between psychoanalytic concept of  Nachträglichkeit and  various types of memory in the Contemporary Neuroscientific studies.
  • Utilize Nachträglichkeit in the clinical therapeutic work, to further the effectiveness of working with traumatized patients.
  • Apply the theoretical knowledge of Nachträglichkeit to increase effectiveness with various diagnostic categories of patients, by understanding and identifying how it manifests itself in clinical process in dreams, transferences and enactments across the broad (neurotic, borderline, narcissistic) spectrum of patients.

SCHEDULE (FOR EACH SESSION, 4-23-22 & 5-7-22)

Each hour includes lecture and Q&A/ Comments:
9am – 10am
10:10am – 11:10am
11:15am – 12:15pm
12:15pm – 12:55pm – Lunch
Q&A and Clinical Examples:
12:55pm – 2:00pm


Abbreviated Syllabus according to the IRED Tri-Regional Entry:
Maurice Apprey and Eva Papiasvili (North America), Bernard Chervet (Europe), Victoria Korin (Latin America); Inter-Regional Coordinating Co-Chair: Arne Jemstedt (Europe)
– will be distributed to the registered participants by email.

SESSION 1 (April 23, 2022):

– French Psychoanalysis
– British Object relations Psychoanalysis
– Contemporary European Scene
– Latin American Psychoanalysis

SESSION 2 (May 7, 2022):

– North America
– Developmental Transformation of Trauma
– Intersubjective and Relational Perspectives
– Nachträglichkeit – as an Essential Characteristic of Unconscious Functioning in General
– Interdisciplinary Studies (Neuroscience; Art; Transgenerational Transmission of Destructive Aggression)



  • Apprey, M. (2006). Difference and the awakening of wounds in intercultural analysis. The Psychoanalytic Quarterly, LXXV (1), 73-94. (May 7)
  • Birksted-Breen D. (2003). Time and the après-coup. International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 84, 1501-1515. (April 23)
  • Blum, HP (1996). Seduction Trauma: Representation, Deferred Action, and Pathogenic Development. Am. Psychoanal. Assoc., 44, 1147-1164. (April 23)
  • Dahl, G. (2010). The Two Time Vectors of Nachträglichkeit: The Modernity of an Old Concept. J. Psychoanal, 91: 727-44. (May 7)
  • Eickhoff, F.W. (2006). On Freud’s Nachträglichkeit: The Modernity of an Old Concept. J. Psychoanal., 87, 1453-1469.  (April 23)
  • Faimberg H. (2007). A plea for a broader concept of Nachträglichkeit, Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 76, 4, pp. 1221-1240. (April 3, May 7)
  • Freud, S. (1895b) Project for a Scientific Psychology. SE I, 281-391 (pp. 351-356) (May 7)
  • Freud, S. (1918c). From the history of an infantile neurosis. SE XVII, 1-122.  (April 23)
  • Freud, S. (1920). Beyond the Pleasure Principle. SE XVIII, 1-64. (April 23)
  • Freud, S. (1923). The infantile genital organization: an interpolation into the theory of sexuality. SE XIX, 141-145.
  • Freud, S (1926). Inhibtions, symptoms and anxiety. SE XX, 75-176. (April 23)
  • Freud S. (1937). Constructions in analysis. SE XXIII, 255-269. (April 23)
  • Mancia, M. (2006). Implicit Memory and Early Unrepressed Unconscious: Their role in the therapeutic process (How the neuroscience can contribute to psychoanalysis?). International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 87, 83-103. (April 23, May 7)
  • Marion, P. (2011). The time of Nachträglichkeit. Italian Psychoanal. Annu., 5, 23-40.
  • Modell, A. H. (1989). The psychoanalytic setting as a container of multiple levels of reality: A perspective on the theory of psychoanalytic treatment. Inq., 9, 67-87. (May 7)
  • Modell, A. H. (1994). Memory and Psychoanalytic Cure. Canadian Journal of Psychoanal., 2, 89-101.
  • (May 7)
  • Papiasvili, E.D. (2016). Translational Aspects of Interpretation: The Developmental and Dynamic View. Inq., 36, 88-101. (May 7)
  • Scarfone, D. (2006) A Matter of Time. Actual Time and the Construction of the Past. Psychoanalytic Quarterly, LXXV, 807-834. (May 7)
  • Sodré, I. (2005). ‘As I was walking down the stair, I saw a concept which wasn’t there …’: Or, après-coup: A missing concept? J. Psycho-Anal., 86, 7-10. (April 23)
  • Wilson, L. (2003). Alberto Giacometti: Myth, Magic and the Man. New Haven, CT/London: Yale Univ. Press. (May 7)
  • Winnicott, D. W. 1970 Fear of breakdown J. Psycho-Anal. 1: 103-107. (April 23, May 7)
  • Handout(32 pages) that is related to history and the development of the Nachträglichkeit concept, from S. Freud to modern time psychoanalysis. (April 23, May 7)

[NB: Readings in preparation to this workshop (mandatory for those obtaining the CEs) – will be sent to the registered participants in Word or PDF formats]

International Psychoanalytical Association (IPA) (2022, in press). Nachträglichkeit. In S. Bolognini, E. Papiasvili, A. Jemstedt (Eds.), IPA (author), IPA Inter-Regional Encyclopedic Dictionary.


Eva D. Papiasvili, Ph.D., ABPP is a Global Chair (Europe, North America and Latin America) of the IPA Inter-Regional Encyclopedic Dictionary of Psychoanalysis (IRED) Committee. She is a

Senior Clinical Faculty and Supervisor in the Doctoral program of Clinical Psychology at Columbia University (NYC); Training, Teaching, and Supervising Analyst, Object Relations Institute and the Institute of the Postgraduate Psychoanalytic Society; as well as she is the Editorial Board member of the International Journal for Group Psychotherapy; Special Issues Editor and Editorial Reader of the International Forum for Psychoanalysis and of the Psychoanalytic Inquiry. Her many international journal and book chapter publications cover wide range of topics of psychoanalysis and clinical psychology.



  • Nachträglichkeit: Theoretical And Clinical Considerations – Eva D. Papiasvili, PhD, ABPP (12.0 CE)
  • Application Of Fairbairn’S Structural Metaphors For Diagnosis And Treatment Of Personality Disorders: Hysteric, Obsessive, Narcissistic, And Borderline – Dr. Dr. David P Celani (8.25 CE)

Accreditation Statement

In support of improving patient care, this activity has been planned and implemented by Amedco LLC and Object Relations Institute for Psychotherapy & Psychoanalysis (ORIPP). Amedco LLC is jointly accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME), the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE), and the American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC), to provide continuing education for the healthcare team.

Psychologists (APA) Credit Designation

This course is co-sponsored by Amedco and Horizons Media, Inc. Amedco is approved by the American Psychological Association to sponsor continuing education for psychologists. Amedco maintains responsibility for this program and its content 20.25 hours.

The following state boards accept courses from APA providers for Counselors: AK, AL, AR, AZ, CA, CO, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, HI, IA, ID, IL, IN, KS, KY, MD, ME, MO, NC, ND, NH, NE, NJ, NM, NV, OK, OR, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, UT, VA, WA, WI, WY
MI: No CE requirements
The following state boards accept courses from APA providers for MFTs: AK, AR, AZ, CA, CO, CT, DE, FL, GA, IA, ID, IN, KS, MD, ME, MO, NE, NC, NH, NJ, NM, NV, OK*, OR, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, UT, VA, WA, WI, WY
The following state boards accept courses from APA providers for Addictions Professionals: AAK, AR, CO, CT, DC, DE, GA, IA, IN, KS, LA, MD, MO, MT, NC, ND, NE, NJ, NM, NY (outstate held), OK*, OR, SC, UT, WA, WI, WY
* OK accepts APA credit for live, in-person activities. For all ethics and/or online courses, an application is required.
MA / MFTs: Participants can self-submit courses not approved by the MAMFT board for review.
The following state boards accept courses from APA providers for Social WorkersAK, AR, AZ, CA, CO, DE, FL, GA, ID, IN, KY, ME, MN, MO, NE, NH, NM, OR, PA, VT, WI, WY

New York Board for Psychology (NY PSY)
Amedco is recognized by the New York State Education Department’s State Board for Psychology as an approved provider of continuing education for licensed psychologists #PSY-0031. 20.25 hours

To receive CE certificates for the actual hours attended – please request them at the time of registration or any time prior to beginning of the conference. CE certificate fee: $25 (in addition to the registration fees). No fees charged for PD (Professional Development) certificates from ORI.


Tuition: $250/course (can be paid in 2 installments)
Registration fee: $25/course (waived for ORI’s candidates in training)

Please Note: If CEs are requested — there is an additional fee of $25 (can be paid on the day of the conference or in advance).
If you are requesting the CEs, please register as a licensed practitioner and pay the “regular” fee for attending this educational event.

SPECIAL SCHOLARSHIPS are available for undergraduate and graduate students, as well as for retired or disabled practitioners, or need-based or/and those who live outside of the USA.

You can request scholarship using this form

Full refund until the 1st session.
50% refund before the 2nd session.
No refund from the day of the second session, but 50% of the full paid tuition will be applied to any further ORI events.


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FYI: In order to obtain any readings (articles, books, handouts), you have to be fully registered.