Neuropsychoanalytic Grand Rounds @ ORI
Transdisciplinary Approach to Beholder Share Phenomenon:
Neuropsychoanalysis, Arts, and Psychohistory

Presenter: Dr. Inna Rozentsvit
Date: Sunday, September 3rd, 2023, 12-3pm EDT
Location: Zoom/Virtual Participation Only

Continuing Education Information: 3.0 CE hours for NYS LPs and NYS SWs

Participation is free (if registered before 9am EDT on September 2nd, 2023),
but REGISTRATION is required.

To Register for this event, please complete the Registration form

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There really is no such thing as Art. There are only artists. (E. Gombrich)

We don’t see things as they are, we see them as we are. (Anais Nin)

The “beholder’s share” (originally “beholder’s involvement”) concept was developed by art historian Alois Riegl, and his great disciples Ernst Gombrich and Ernst Kris. They described the workings of the mind of the viewer (the beholder), including the viewer’s mind engaging in decoding visual information, determining its meaning, and understanding and interpreting it. This interpretation depends on one’s prior life experiences, emotional memories, and idiosyncrasies.

This presentation will be based on the work of the Nobel laureate, neuroscientist Eric R. Kandel, who tried to tackle the issue of the beholder’s share – from the scientist’s and the art lover’s points of view – in his books, The Age of Insight: The Quest to Understand the Unconscious in Art, Mind, and Brain and Reductionism in Art and Brain Science: Bridging Two Cultures. His books are not just a psycho-historical endeavor; they are not textbooks, where all the theories are provided and are proven; and they are not memoirs. These books stimulate your mind to connect the dots and find your own answers.

Kandel, who had to make a choice once – between psychoanalysis and hard-core neuroscience – made his choice in favor of science, and now, he shares with us the production of his cross-pollinated mind, his beholder’s share. “… A painting is not complete until the viewer responds to it…,” says Kandel. In his interview with BigThink after The Age of Insight book was published, he admitted that we don’t know what exactly the “beholder’s share” is. Then, he proceeded to say that our knowledge of brain pathology (or brain conditions), traumatic or not, provides us with an “outline” of what the beholder’s share possibly is, and what kind of processes are involved in it.

In this presentation, we will connect the Beholder Share phenomenon with Neuroscience concepts: Paul Maclean’s Triune Brain theory, Sebastian Seung’s Connectomes (the “brain’s wiring that makes us who we are”), Konstantin Anokhin’s Cognitomes (the mind-brain dyad’s three-dimensional hyper-neuronetworks).

We also will connect the Beholder Share phenomenon with artistic representation of the world around us, and how this representation differs in different minds. As an example, below are the compilations of paintings of three great artists, who lived and created in the same cultural environment of pre-WWII Vienna, but who “saw” the world differently. [Read a short essay on this topic, “Neurobiology of the Beholder’s Share and the Mystery of the Ordinary” here:]

Gustav Klimt
Oskar Kokoschka
Egon Shiele

We will touch upon the Beholder Share of Michelangelo, the artist and the anatomist, of Rene Magritte, a master of the “mystery of the ordinary,” and Eric Kandel himself, a “basic” neuroscientist who cares to integrate the perceptions of art and the knowledge of human brain in one beautifully put and complicated in its simplicity brain-mind dyad system.

This event was specially created for anyone who is interested in understanding our role in creating the world around us – through the relationship of our brain-mind system, our relationships, experiences, and culture.


Sunday, October 2, 2022

Presentation session: 9:30am – 12:00pm
General Q & A: 12:15pm – 1:00pm

Readings in preparation to this workshop (not mandatory) — will be sent to the registered participants (in PDF formats) – as per request:
Dr. Celani’s workshop handout “Fairbairn’s Metaphor of Human Mind.”


At the conclusion of this intermediate-level program, participants will be able to:

  1. Demonstrate understanding of the “beholder’s share” phenomenon and its place in one’s meaning-making.
  2. Analyze and discuss which neurobiological factors are involved in human creativity and meaning-making.
  3. Identify practical applications of utilizing Kandel’s “reductionistic” approach to psychology, philosophy, humanities.
  4. Apply to one’s personal life and clinical practice the idea of creativity and creative process fostering insight into personal conflicts.


Inna Rozentsvit, M.D., PhD, MBA, MSciEd is a neurologist and neurorehabilitation specialist, trained in psychoanalysis and psychotherapy, with extensive experience in brain trauma, autoimmune neurological and neuropsychiatric conditions.
Dr. Rozentsvit is a founder of the Neurorecovery Solutions, Inc. (, a non-profit organization which helps neurologically impaired and their caregivers in their often heart-breaking journey to well-being. She is also an educator who works with children and adults with learning and emotional disabilities, while applying knowledge from the fields of neurology, basic sciences, mental health, and pedagogy to solving puzzles of miscommunications and every-day interactions of these children and adults with their parents and significant others.

Dr. Rozentsvit is passionate about people and supporting the possibilities that all people are. This passion fueled her publishing endeavors, which realized into founding the ORI Academic Press (, the MindMend Publishing Co., and the MindConsiliums (a trans-disciplinary journal with main focus on cross-pollination of knowledge and experience from various mental health, medicine, and science fields,

Dr. Rozentsvit is the scientific faculty member, programs director, and administrator of the Object Relations Institute for Psychoanalysis and Psychotherapy (ORI, in NYC. Her course on Neurobiology for Psychoanalysts and Psychotherapists and the Parent-Child Development Program at the ORI include topics important for all mental health professionals: Neurobiology of Self; Neurochemistry of Emotions; Attachment Theory/ Love before First Sight; Neurological Disorders (Parkinson’s disease, stroke, and multiple sclerosis) through the Eyes of a Psychotherapist; Neurobiology of Psychosomatic Illness; Neuroscience of Anger and Violence; and others.

For more information, please visit



National Association for the Advancement of Psychoanalysis (NAAP) is recognized by the New York State Education Department’s State Board for Mental Health Practitioners as an Approved Provider of continuing education for Licensed Psychoanalysts. #P‑0019. 3.0 hours.

National Association for the Advancement of Psychoanalysis (NAAP) is recognized by the New York State Education Department’s State Board for Social Work as an approved provider of continuing education for Licensed Social Workers #SW-0168. 3.0 hours.

To receive CE certificates for the actual hours attended – please request them at the time of registration or any time prior to beginning of the conference. CE certificate fee: $25 (in addition to the registration fees). No fees charged for PD (Professional Development) certificates from ORI.


Registration is FREE (until 9am EDT on September 2nd, 2023)

Registration after 9am EDT/NYC time on September 2nd, 2023
$40 regular/ $25 grad students & candidates/ $10 undergrad students.

Please Note: If CEs are requested — there is a mandatory fee of $25 (can be paid on the day of the conference or in advance).

SPECIAL SCHOLARSHIPS are available for undergraduate and graduate students, as well as for retired or disabled practitioners, or need-based or/and those who live outside of the USA.
To apply for your scholarship, please go to the registration form below.

This event is free if you register before 9am EDT, September 2nd, 2023.
Otherwise, you will receive full refund if cancelled before the beginning of the event on September 3rd, 2023.
No refund from the beginning of the event, but full paid tuition will be applied to any further ORI events.