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Instructor:  Eva D. Papiasvili, PhD, ABPP

1st Trimester of the Training Programs in Psychotherapy and Psychoanalysis

(This course can be taken also as a separate certificate course, with or without the Group Supervision class)

October 3 - December 19, 2013; Thursdays, 8:15-9:30pm.

Course Calendar: October 3; 10; 17; 24; (no class on 10/31); November 7; 14; 21; (no class 11/28); December 5; 12, 19, 2013. 

Location: 136 East, 55th Street, Apt. 6A,  NYC, NY 10022 (SE corner of 55th Street and Lexington Ave, on a IRT line)

or Virtual participation – via audio/video or audio only

Course Description:

            This course will focus on the unconscious conflicts, which are at the center of Freudian psychoanalytic theory and the clinical situation.

First, the development of the concept of conflict throughout the history of Freudian psychoanalysis will be reviewed. Next, the analytic and synthetic aspects of conflict theory will be explored, and the role of conflict in the development of personality organization and pathogenesis will be clarified. Then, the contemporary extensions of structural theory and up to date complexity of modern Freudian thought will be presented and elaborated on.  The pertinent historical and contemporary controversies surrounding such notions as the Oedipus Complex and Oedipal Conflict, Trauma and Unconscious fantasy, Conflict and Deficit, covering wide spectrum of theoretical and clinical orientations will be attended to throughout.

            To illustrate analysis with neurotic patients focused on conflict, the clinical material covering the assessment of neurotically organized mind, as well as the phases of psychoanalytic process, will be examined. In this regards, such criteria as  self-reflective capacity, capacity for affect regulation, capacity for narcissistic regulation, and internal conflict will be explored in the context of a “microscopic” moment-to-moment multi-level psychoanalytic inter- and intro-psychic communication of a given psychoanalytic session. The instructor’s as well as the candidates’ clinical experience and material will be utilized to further the depth of appreciation for the multiple forces of conflict present latently (and manifestly) in each psychoanalytic hour.               


1. Introductory Overview: 

Eva D. Papiasvili (1995) Conflict in Psychoanalysis and in Life. Int. Forum Psychoanal., 4, 215-220.

2. Conflict – Development of the Concept:  Conflict/Clash between External-Internal Environments; Internalization of Conflicts – 1st Mental Topography. 

Excerpts from:

Breuer, J., Freud, S. (1893-95), SE 2;

Freud, S. (1900), SE 4,5;

Freud S. (1905), SE 7;

Freud, S. (1910), SE 11;

Freud, S. (1911), SE 12;

Freud, S. (1914), SE 14.

3. Conflict – Development of the Concept cont.:  2nd Topographic Theory leading up to formulations of Structural Theory.

Excerpts from:

Freud, S. (1920), SE 18;

Freud, S. (1923), SE  19;

Freud, S. (1926), SE  20.

4. Conflict – Development of the Concept cont.:  Further developments of Psychoanalytic Ego Psychology: Focus of  Multiple defenses and developmental personality profiles; Adaptation; Ego Functions, Ego Autonomy and Ego Identity.

Excerpts from:

Freud, A. (1936/1966): Ego and Mechanisms of defense. NY: Int. Univ. Press.

Hartman, H. (1939/1958): Ego Psychology and the Problem of Adaptation. NY: Int. Univ. Press.

Kris, E. (1955): Neutralization ad Sublimation. Psychoanal. St. Child, 10:30-46

Rapaport, D. (1958): The Theory of Ego Autonomy. Bull. Menning. Clinic, 22:13-35.

Erickson, E.H. (1956): The Problem of Ego Identity. J. Amer. Psychoanal. Assn., 4:56-121.

5. Analysis and Synthesis in Conflict Theory: Continuum of Illness and   

Health; Principle of Overdeterminism/Principle of Multiple Function

Excerpts from:

Waelder, R. (1930/1976): The Principle of Multiple Function, in: Guttman, S.A. Psychoanalysis: Observation, theory, Application. NY: Int. Univ. Press; 68-83.

Rangell, L. (1985): Defense and Resistance in Psychoanalysis and Life, in:

Blum, H, (ed.): Defense and Resistance. NY: Int. Univ. Press; 147-174.

Blum, H. (1985):  Defense and Resistance: historical perspective and current concepts. NY: Int. Univ. Press.


Presentation and Discussion of Clinical Case Material.

 6. Conflict and Development:  Conflict and Deficit; Trauma and Unconscious Fantasy:  Roots of the Controversy and the Contemporary Classical View.

Excerpts from:

Blum, H, dtto (above).

Murray, J. (1995)   On Objects, Transference, and Two-persons psychology: A critique of the new seduction theory. Psychoanal. Psychology, 12(1):31-41.


Presentation and Discussion of Clinical Case Material.

7, 8, 9.  Contemporary Perspectives on the Oedipus Complex/Oedipal Conflicts.

Excerpts from:

The entire vol. 30 of the Psychoanalytic Inquiry from December 2010, featuring authors like Elliot Adler, Harold Blum, Martin Bergmann, Joseph Lichtenberg, Rosemary Balsam, James Fosshage, and others, including contemporary research on the relationship between Attachment and Oedipal development by Miriam Steele. Prologue and Epilogue by Harriet Pappenheim and Eva D. Papiasvili, Issue Editors and co-chairs the Postgrad Conference in New York in 2010 of the same name, with most of the above authors presenting their original contributions.


Presentation and Discussion of Clinical Case Material.

10.  Contemporary Extensions of Structural Theory: Compromise Formation; Signal Anxiety and Signal Affects; Reformulations of Superego; Choice Conflicts and Microscopic Tracking of Intro-Psychic Process; Theoretical and Clinical Integration of Topographic and Structural Theories; Theoretical and Clinical Integration of Intro-Psychic and Inter-Psychic Dimensions.

Excerpts from:

Brenner, C. (1979): Depressive Affect , Anxiety and Psychic Conflict in the Phalic-Oedipal Phase. Psychoanal. Q., 48: 177-199.

Brenner, C. (1982): The Concept of Superego: A reformulation. Psychoanal. Q., 51:501-525.

Brenner, C. (1994):  Mind as Conflict and Compromise Formation. Journal of Clinical Psychoanalysis, 3, 473-488.

Arlow, J. (1991): Psychoanalytic Theory and Practice. Madison: Int. Univ. Press

Blum, H. (1976), ed. Psychoanalytic Explorations of Technique. NY: Int. Univ. Press.

Rangel, L. (1969): The Intrapsychic Process and its Analysis. Int. J. Psycho-Anal. 50:65-77.

Rangel, L. (1969): Choice Conflict and the Decision Making Function of the Ego. Int. J. Psycho-Anal. 50:599-602.

Bolognini, S. (2013/2015): The Inter-Psychic Dimension of Interpretation. (Oral Communication; paper currently being written for 2015 issue of Psychoanalytic Inquiry; Eva D. Papiasvili, Issue Editor).


Presentation and Discussion of Clinical Case Material.

11.   Clinical Assessment of Neurotically Organized Mind: Self-Reflection, Affect Regulation, Narcissistic Regulation, Intro-psychic Conflict; Plurality and Complexity of the Inner World of the Analyst and the Patient.            

Excerpts from:

Sugarman, A. (2007):  Whatever Happened to Neurosis? Who are we Analyzing? And How?: The Importance of Mental Organization. Psychoanal. Psychol., 24: 409-429.

Bolognini, S. (2008):  Plurality and Complexity in the Analyst’s Inner World and in his “Working Self”. Ital. Psychoanal. Annu., 2:43-57.


Presentation and Discussion of Clinical Case Material.


The course content and the syllabus may be extended to accommodate and adjust to the special issues emerging out of the specific training needs and interests of the candidates enrolled in the course.  


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